Rare 'semi-identical' twins discovered during Australian woman's pregnancy

A rare set of semi-identical twins have been identified in Australia, only the second set ever reported in the world. (stock photo) A rare set of semi-identical twins — only the second set ever reported in the world — have been identified in Australia. The 4-year-old boy and girl from Brisbane share all of their mother’s DNA but only a part of their […]

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Unwanted unacceptable thoughts—most people have them and we should talk about them

Imagine you’re lying in bed when a sack of cocaine falls from a plane, crashes through your roof and lands next to you. You call the police who come round and arrest you for possession. This would be ridiculous. You are not responsible for things that fall into your house. Now imagine you’re lying in bed when murderous, violently sexual […]

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Turning the Promise of Gene Therapy into a Reality

Pfizer’s Rare Disease team is focusing on highly specialized, potential gene therapy treatments, and clinical trials are underway to explore the potential of gene therapy. By targeting the underlying cause of a genetic disease, Pfizer hopes to restore normal function in affected tissues or cells, which could potentially enable a patient to manage his or her disease without the need […]

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Medtronic Mazor X robotic surgery system enters medical mainstream

Following years of work, Medtronic is launching the newest Mazor X spinal surgery system with robotic navigation in the United States, with two systems already sold in Minnesota. Spine surgeon Dr. Eiman Shafa demonstrated at Abbott Northwestern Hospital on Tuesday how the new system uses robotics and in-room navigation to precisely position traditional surgical tools, making routine spine cases more […]

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Combination of alcohol and Smoking can cause neural damage to the brain

Alcohol and Smoking are a very dangerous combination Tobacco Smoking causes, among many other health consequences of chemical changes, oxidative Stress and inflammation in the brain. Excessive alcohol consumption can have similar effects. The common use of tobacco and alcohol seems to even result in neural damage in certain regions of the brain. The scientists from the Universidade Federal do […]

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Dietary factors affecting gut microbiome may influence response to immunotherapy in melanoma patients

Among melanoma patients treated with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy, consumption of a high-fiber diet was associated with higher gut microbiome diversity and better response to treatment, according to data presented during a media preview of the AACR Annual Meeting 2019, to be held March 29-April 3 in Atlanta. “We found that diet and supplements appear to have an effect on a patient’s […]

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Adipocyte glucocorticoid receptors play a role in developing steroid diabetes

Steroids are used for treating various diseases such as allergic disorders, but they occasionally cause adverse effects, such as steroid diabetes and other metabolic disturbances. Since steroids act throughout the body, how these adverse effects are caused and by which organ are not well understood. Researchers at Osaka University focused on glucocorticoid receptors (GRs), the receptors for the body’s endogenous […]

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Congenital heart defects vastly increase risk of heart problems later in life

An infant born with a relatively simple heart defect is far more likely to develop heart problems as an adult, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered. The risk is so great that someone born with a heart defect who has a heart-healthy lifestyle is twice as likely to develop heart problems as someone born without a […]

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