Need to be vaccinated? Try your local pharmacy

(HealthDay)—Vaccines are big news in the United States these days. Measles outbreaks in unvaccinated clusters around the country have highlighted the importance of immunization, reviving debate over whether vaccines should be required for all children. Meanwhile, the flu continues to plague all parts of the United States so the flu shot is still worth getting, according to the U.S. Centers […]

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New way to combat childhood anxiety: treat the parents

Yale researchers have developed an innovative way to address an epidemic of anxiety disorders afflicting the nation’s children: treat the parents. A new program developed at Yale that counsels parents is as effective in treating common anxiety disorders as cognitive behavioral therapy for the child, according to a randomized trial of the two therapies published in the Journal of the […]

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Scientists find first evidence for necessary role of the human hippocampus in planning

A team of scientists reports finding the first evidence that the human hippocampus is necessary for future planning. Its findings, published in the journal Neuron, link its long-established role in memory with our ability to use our knowledge to map out the future effects of our actions. The results have implications for the way we think about afflictions that affect […]

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Smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity each linked to unhealthy brains

Factors that influence the health of our blood vessels, such as smoking, high blood and pulse pressures, obesity and diabetes, are linked to less healthy brains, according to research published in the European Heart Journal today. The study examined the associations between seven vascular risk factors and differences in the structures of parts of the brain. The strongest links were […]

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Study shows many preteens screen positive for suicide risk during ER visits

A research team found nearly one-third of youth ages 10 to 12 years screened positive for suicide risk in emergency department settings. As part of a larger study on youth suicide risk screening in emergency departments, researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, and collaborators sought to explore how frequently preteen […]

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Only about half of elderly newly diagnosed with ALL receive Tx

(HealthDay)—Almost half of elderly patients newly diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) do not receive treatment, according to a study recently published in Leukemia & Lymphoma. Christopher Kim, M.P.H., Ph.D., from Amgen Inc. in Thousand Oaks, California, and colleagues analyzed Medicare ALL data from 2007 to 2015 to describe patient characteristics and treatment patterns among elderly patients (≥66 years) newly […]

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Thyroid hormone helped our ancestors survive but left us susceptible

Although most victims survive the 735,000 heart attacks that occur annually in the U.S., their heart tissue is often irreparably damaged—unlike many other cells in the body, once injured, heart cells cannot regenerate. According to a new UC San Francisco study, the issue may date back to our earliest mammalian ancestors, which may have lost the ability to regenerate heart […]

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Hookah smokers are inhaling toxic chemicals that may harm the heart

Smoking tobacco in waterpipes, more commonly known as hookahs, results in inhaling toxic chemicals, often at levels exceeding cigarette smoke, that may harm the heart and blood vessels, according to a new scientific statement published in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation. Waterpipes go by many names—hookah, narghile, argileh, shisha and goza—and usually consist of a head or bowl that […]

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Predictors ID’d for successful removal of mechanical ventilation

(HealthDay)—Mechanically ventilated patients who pass a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and are extubated reach a higher level of wakefulness, indicated by a higher odds ratio product (ORP), according to a study published online March 1 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Martin Dres, M.D., from St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, and colleagues recorded electroencephalogram 15 hours […]

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Vitamin B3 analogue boosts production of blood cells

Stem cell-based therapies are becoming increasingly common, especially in the treatment of blood cancers like lymphoma and leukemia. In these cases, the patient’s cancerous blood stem cells are removed and replaced with new, healthy ones. However, up to a quarter of cases end in death because replenishing of blood cells is too slow. One solution to this is to boost […]

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