Hong Kong scientists claim ‘broad-spectrum’ antiviral breakthrough

Hong Kong scientists claim they have made a potential breakthrough discovery in the fight against infectious diseases—a chemical that could slow the spread of deadly viral illnesses. A team from the University of Hong Kong described the newly discovered chemical as “highly potent in interrupting the life cycle of diverse viruses” in a study published this month in the journal […]

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Antihypertension drug losartan may improve treatment of ovarian cancer

A new study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has found that the hypertension drug losartan, which targets the angiotensin signaling pathway, may improve the effectiveness of chemotherapy agents used to treat ovarian cancer. Previous research from the same team identified a similar effect for losartan in animal models of breast and pancreatic cancer, leading to a phase […]

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Muscle stem cells can drive cancer that arises in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

People with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) can develop an otherwise-rare muscle cancer, called rhabdomyosarcoma, due to the muscle cells’ continuous work to rebuild the damaged tissue. However, little is known about how the cancer arises, hindering development of a treatment or test that could predict cancer risk. Now, scientists from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have demonstrated that […]

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Research confirms nerve cells made from skin cells are a valid lab model for studying disease

The incidence of some neurological diseases—especially those related to aging, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases—is increasing. To better understand these conditions and evaluate potential new treatments, researchers need accurate models that they can study in the lab. Researchers from the Salk Institute, along with collaborators at Stanford University and Baylor College of Medicine, have shown that cells from mice […]

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How our unconscious visual biases change the way we perceive objects

As the old saying goes, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. But while we can appreciate that others might hold different opinions of objects we see, not many people know that factors beyond our control can influence how we perceive the basic attributes of these objects. We might argue that something is beautiful or ugly, for example, but […]

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U.S. doctor released from Omaha hospital after Ebola monitoring

(HealthDay)—An American doctor who was monitored for 21 days after possible Ebola exposure did not develop the deadly disease and has been released from the Nebraska Medicine-Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, officials say. The unidentified doctor’s possible exposure to Ebola occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where there is an Ebola outbreak. “This person completed the required 21-day monitoring […]

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Mutual appreciation key to saving marriage after a stroke, study shows

Laurel Sproule knew something in her 18-year marriage was changing when she came into the kitchen and found her husband Fred just standing there. He’d suffered a recent heart attack and then a stroke, but was home, and slowly responding to therapy. Getting ready to go out one day, they needed to eat lunch first, so Laurel laid out sandwich […]

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Activated PMN exosomes are pathogenic entities that cause destruction in the COPD lung

University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have found a novel, previously unreported pathogenic entity that is a fundamental link between chronic inflammation and tissue destruction in the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD. COPD is the fourth-leading cause of death in the world. This pathogenic entity—exosomes from activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes, or PMNs—caused COPD damage when the […]

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